Please do all this before reading this study as it is always more profitable to be searching these things out for yourself and allowing God to reveal things to you, than to simply read what someone else has to say on the matter. The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy in all; Joseph was already in Egypt. Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died, but the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous, so that the land was filled with them.
Exodus starts then by giving us a quick reminder of the closing events of the book of Genesis. After a series of trials and hardships, God turns the whole thing around as He loves to do! After a cunning reconciliation, Jacob, his eleven other sons, and their family also come down to live in Egypt. And there they live, happily ever after… until….
Exodus Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt. Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country. Happily ever after… until a new king arose that did not know about the exploits of Joseph. And here the bondage begins. We have:. Egypt — Ok, so everyone knows that Egypt is used in scripture as a type of the world. The same applies today.
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Pharaoh — The Pharaoh had absolute control over Egypt, and was even worshiped as a god by his subjects . I will be using this to typify two things. Secondly, I will also use it at times as a picture of the trials in general that believers in the Lord go through. So, question time! Multi-choice was always my favourite at school gave me more of a chance! Well, which is it?
The Israelites were increasing in number and through fear of being overtaken the new Pharaoh purposely enforced hard labour upon them. The LORD made his people very fruitful; he made them too numerous for their foes, whose hearts He turned to hate His people, to conspire against His servants. Now this makes it all the more interesting! You see, if God was the one who ultimately controlled the Egyptians hearts, and if He turned them to hate His people, then He did it for a specific reason; or more correctly with God, He did it for several specific reasons!
You may remember, if you have been paying attention, that it was said earlier that the bondage is a picture of i the burden of sin, and ii the general trials and difficulties that we go through in our Christian life.
Look back at your own situation… did God bring you to an utter conviction of your sin before you cried out to Him? The main point is that God is still in control! It is God who allows the trials to occur.
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Some trials are definitely of our own making; some are outside of our control. But none are outside the range of a loving sovereign God. Ok, we have seen that God was in control of the hardship Israel went through. Now here is the biggie — Why? What did He want to achieve? And for that matter, what does He want to achieve when he allows us to go through similar trials?
I will not give you straw : Now the children of Israel are in a worse place than before. To this point, Moses' leadership hasn't made anything better at all. This was very disappointing to a people who had their hopes raised! And the taskmasters forced them to hurry : We shouldn't be surprised when the greatest challenges come before the greatest victory. At this point, the victory of God for Israel over Egypt seems a long way away. Exo Pharaoh rebukes the children of Israel, increasing their burdens. Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh, saying, "Why are you dealing thus with your servants?
There is no straw given to your servants, and they say to us, 'Make brick! The officers of the children of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh : In their trouble, the children of Israel did not turn to God; they did not turn to Moses.
Instead, they looked to Pharaoh to solve their problems, and therefore they will be disappointed. You are idle! The children of Israel found no relief by going to Pharaoh. Some Christians put themselves in the same place when Satan gives them grief. They respond by running to Satan for relief - and all he gives them is more bondage. Exo The people cry out against Moses. Then, as they came out from Pharaoh, they met Moses and Aaron who stood there to meet them. And they said to them, "Let the LORD look on you and judge, because you have made us abhorrent in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to kill us.
They met Moses and Aaron : The leaders of the children of Israel were not happy when they came from the presence of Pharaoh, and they thought it was all the fault of Moses and Aaron. Certainly, this was discouraging for Moses; but surely he thought, "It's all right.
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When they see all God can do, they won't complain any more. They will be on my side and support me as a leader. It's tough now, but it will get better.
You have made us abhorrent in the sight of Pharaoh : This was the crime of Moses and Aaron. When Israel was a docile slave to Pharaoh, they thought he was their friend. Now that the idea of freedom has entered, Pharaoh shows how he felt about them all along. Again, Satan seems "friendly" to us when we accept his lordship; but when we start to be free in Jesus, he often will try to make life difficult for us. Exodus said So the people believed; and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children of Israel and that He had looked on their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped.
Now, the faith, excitement, and worship of Exodus 4 is gone pretty quickly. Many Christians can have joy when things are easy; but true maturity is when we can have God's peace in the battle. Exo Moses complains about the problem to God. Why is it You have sent me? For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he has done evil to this people; neither have You delivered Your people at all. Lord, why have You brought trouble on this people? Moses is good in his example of boldly pouring out his heart to God; but he fell short in remembering God's promise.
Neither have You delivered Your people at all : Back at the burning bush, God said: But I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not even by a mighty hand. So I will stretch out My hand and strike Egypt with all My wonders which I will do in its midst; and after that he will let you go. Exodus As far as God is concerned, everything is moving according to plan. Even though God warned Moses, it seems he hoped it would all come easy. Moses wished that he would ask, Pharaoh would say "yes" and God would be glorified.
Why else would Moses say to God, neither have You delivered Your people at all?
In this tough time, the same old fears came crashing in on Moses: "I'm not the man God should send. He died to his self-esteem, to his castle-building, to pride in his miracles, to the enthusiasm of his people, to everything that a popular leader loves. As he lay there on the ground alone before God, wishing himself back in Midian, and thinking himself hardly used, he was falling as a grain of wheat into the ground to die, no longer to abide alone, but to bear much fruit. Moses probably thought that the dying to himself was finished after 40 years of tending sheep in Midian, but it wasn't.
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